Historical information’s in the 16th Century

Locanda dell'Amorosa - Sinalunga - Siena - Tuscany - Italy

A few decades later, and precisely in 1403, we learn from Malavolti that «[...] Since from the side of Valdichiana and from other sides too, certain people paid by the Florentines had tried to take possession of some strongholds, M. Neri Salimbeni and Lorenzo di Mandolo were told that they should keep good guards in their fortress of the Amorosa, so that the enemy could not seize it, and if in three days time they were not ready to defend it carefully (with their own soldiers), the order was given that it should be destroyed.» (O. Malavolti, Dell'Historia di Siena scritta da Orlando di M. Bernardo Malavolti, gentiluomo senese, in Venetia MDXCIX per Salvestro Marchetti Libraro in Siena all'Insegna della Lupa). Not only is the Amorosa's condition of a fortified village confirmed, but the term fortezza indicates a place equipped with towers, if not a small castle.

This brief passage from Malavolti, inserted in the more general context of the history of the Sienese Republic, has no sequel in other documents. Later historians have simply cited it without any comment and without venturing any conjectures on the development of Siena's ultimatum. In the writings of Luigi Agnolucci we find some contradictions, they are evidently oversights and related to works by the same author, not clarifying hypothesis . In fact, Agnolucci, in his general work Raccolta di notizie sul Comune di Sinalunga written between 1881 and 1908, cites this information accurately, but then, curiously, in the accompanying notes he distorts its meaning, and specifically as regards the Amorosa, maintaining that the Sienese had the castle knocked down as a reprisal: «The Republic of Siena had the most ancient castle demolished in 1403 because it served as a refuge for the Sienese rebels, Neri Salimbeni and Lorenzo di Mandolo Piccolomini [...]» (L. Agnolucci, cartolina n. 27 da: Raccolta di notizie sul Comune di Sinalunga, ms. 1881-1908).

However, the information given by Agnolucci may not be totally unfounded, but it should be postponed to the years immediately after, when a conspiracy against the Republic on the part of some Sienese noblemen is mentioned. Another reason for a Sienese reprisal is reported by Pecci: «In 1489 the Terra d'Asinalunga was under suspicion because of the treachery of a certain Mino di Bindo who, in the opinion of Mino Pannilini, was plotting to hand the castle over to the Florentines, but the scandal was remedied by beheading the culprit.» (Giovanni Antonio Pecci, Memorie storiche, politiche, civili e naturali delle Città, Terre e Castella che sono e sono state suddite della città di Siena, ms. 1758).

We cannot rule out that, as well as the head of one of the conspirators, there were other shows of strength such as the demolition of some of the Amorosa's fortifications. The fact that we have no direct information about the demolition of the fortifications of a castle should not surprise us too much, since other castles in the area, for example Ripa and Guardavalle, have literally disappeared. Of the original castle of the Amorosa there remain only a big quadrangular tower, a tower gate, other minor structures and, maybe, the general architectural plant which was anyway renovated in the sixteenth century.