Church of L'Amorosa
Locanda dell'Amorosa - Sinalunga - Siena - Tuscany - Italy
This is the translation of the document that in the original of the year 1578 is in Latin:
«For the Church or Chapel of Saint Mary of the Mo(ro)ssa.
The ordinary must research and enquire if in any time possessions of any sort have been granted to the Church of Saint Mary della Mossa, and negotiate with the noble heirs of the Signor Niccolò del Mandolo dei Piccolomini, to obtain a dowry, otherwise according to his own judgement he may suspend the Worship .
The holy stone of the altar must bee repaired as soon as possible
Within a year the following must be procured for the church:
Four Manutergiums according to form.
One chasuble and one frontal of white silk for the days of festivity or dedicated to the Virgin Mary.
One new missal of those reformed by Pious V with two pillows.
Two table cloths according to form, and one cloth to protect the Altar from dust and garbage when mass is not celebrated..»
Transcription and Traslation from Latin: Don Alfredo Maroni.
The architecture of the church is the result of a renovation, probably with an enlargement, that took place between the sixteenth and the eighteenth century. While the old chapel was turned into a Priory in the nineteenth century according to Pietro Pannilini's wishes as stated in his will , as we read in his will dated 1830:
«In God's name, Amen
On July 30 one thousand eight hundred and thirty
Having considered very suitable, and also very praiseworthy, and acceptable to the further glory of God the building of a Parish in my Villa and Estate of the Amorosa situated in the Community and vicariate of Asinalunga, Diocese of Pienza, to provide a better spiritual service and more Instruction in the Mysteries and duties of our Catholic Religion for the Families and the Persons of the said Estate, and wishing likewise to obtain for the good and the relief of my Soul a greater lightening of the faults I have committed in the course of my life against God the Almighty who is infinitely merciful, against His Divine Law and his Holy Commandments, I have determined to order, and in accordance with this new Holograph Codicil besides my other previous directions I order and wish to establish and have built, subject to all the opportune authorizations and permits of the Royal Government and of Monsignor the Bishop, in my Villa of the Amorosa a Parish with the name of Priory, with the title of Our Lady of the Assumption, reserving the patronage to my Family and my Heirs and Successors, and fix the district from the two rivers Galegno and Doccia towards the Villa to my farms Ferraja, Poggio al Mare, Scopetello, and the Pozze.
Therefore to this end I hand over and grant to the Church the Chapel existing in the Villa of my pertinence and Patronage, which is more than sufficient for this usage, since it has been a Parish other times in the past; I also destine and assign to the Parsonage of the Parish Priest that part of the so called Palazzo Alto, which I have purchased a few years ago together with the Land belonging to it. [...]».
The request was granted by the bishop of Pienza mons. Giacinto Lippi with a Bull of Foundation on February 3, 1835. It reads:
«[...] Considering that the more limited the territorial Boundaries of the Parishes, the greater are the Spiritual advantages of the population, which can count on more support from their Priests.
Considering that it is Our Sacred duty to seize every suitable occasion to ensure that this gift is offered to the souls in our care; and therefore given the Request of the Heir of the late Pietro Pannilini to built a Parish church with the name of Priory and the title of Our Lady of the Assumption in the Public Chapel of the Villa of the Amorosa in our Diocese of Pienza [...]
Given the Letter of the Secretariat of Royal Law [...]
Given the Codicil of the Senator's will dated July 30th 1830 and the dispositions it contains regarding the Stipend to the Parish priest of one hundred scudi a year to be paid by the Patron to the Parsonage and Holy Vessels and Vestments [...] Given the boundaries within which the new Parish church shall be contained, that is between the two Rivers Galegno and Doccia, including the 16 farms called: Villa Maggiore, Villa Minore, Casa, Osteria, Amorosa, Albergo, Belvedere, Poggio Aopi, Vignacce, Colombajolo, Scopetello, Pozza, Poggio al Mare, Poggio Scassi, Ferraja, Val dimolino; And also four houses of tenants to the so called Albergo, and another four within the Villa of the Amorosa itself as well as the Farmhouse, and Owner's House; all these Documents exist in our See at Pienza, and given and considered everything else that is necessary. Having invoked the Holy Name of God and in honor of the Holy Virgin Mary
We Declare and Decree the building, in the name of our Authority, and elevation to Parish Church the public Chapel of the aforesaid Villa of the Amorosa with the name of Priory, and the title of Our Lady of the Assumption [...]».
Pietro Pannilini's codicil reveals the purchase of the “Palazzo Alto”, one of the oldest buildings of the Amorosa, belonging to the famous Piccolomini family to which Enea Silvio, who became Pope under the name of Pius II, belonged. On April 3 1873 the whole Estate (fattoria) was sold for the considerable sum of 522.000 lire to Fiorella Favard, and it still belongs to her family and descendants.
This last information is also reported by Agnolucci:
«[...] The Villa of the Amorosa belonging to the Piccolomini family of Siena passed around 1870 into the hands of the Counts of Frassineto, heirs of the baroness Fiorella Favard de Bouccheville (Bacheville).
1902 - In the church of the Amorosa traces of ancient paintings were discovered on the walls under the whitewash; their value was not ascertained, but the Count of Frassineto had them restored.» (L. Agnolucci, cartolina n. 27 da: Raccolta di notizie sul Comune di Sinalunga, ms. 1881-1908).